ReSe Applications LLC provides atmospheric correction software for remote sensing images.

ATCOR® Reports and Publications

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ATCOR Documentation (User Manuals)

The following reports are available for download as PDF files:

  • R. Richter and Schläpfer, D., "Atmospheric / Topographic Correction for Satellite Imagery", DLR report DLR-IB 565-01/2018, Wessling, Germany, pp 280.
  • R. Richter and Schläpfer, D., "Atmospheric / Topographic Correction for Airborne Imagery ", DLR report DLR-IB 565-02/2018, Wessling, Germany, pp 280.

Papers and Reports


  • D. Schläpfer, A. Hueni, and R. Richter, “Cast Shadow Detection to Quantify the Aerosol Optical Thickness for Atmospheric Correction of High Spatial Resolution Optical Imagery,” Remote Sensing, vol. 10, no. 2, p. 25, Feb. 2018.


  • D. Schläpfer and R. Richter, “Atmospheric Correction of Imaging Spectroscopy Data Using Shadow-Based Quantification of Aerosol Scattering Effects,” EARSeL eProceedings, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 21–28, Nov. 2017.
  • A. Makarau, R. Richter, D. Schläpfer, and P. Reinartz, “APDA Water Vapor Retrieval Validation for Sentinel-2 Imagery,” Ieee Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 227–231, Jan. 2017.


  • A. Makarau, R. Richter, D. Schläpfer, and P. Reinartz, "Combined Haze and Cirrus Removal for Multispectral Imagery," IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol. 13, no. 3.
  • D. Schläpfer and R. Richter, "Recent Developments In ATCOR For Atmospheric Compensation And Radiometric Processing Of Imaging Spectroscopy Data," EARSeL eProceedings, 2016, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 40–48.


  • D. Schläpfer, R. Richter, and T. Feingersh, "Operational BRDF Effects Correction for Wide-Field-of-View Optical Scanners (BREFCOR)," IEEE TGARS, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 1855-1864.


  • D. Schläpfer and R. Richter, "Evaluation of Brefcor BRDF Effects Correction for Hyspex, CASI, and APEX Imaging Spectroscopy Data," IEEE WHISPERS Lausanne, 2014, pp. 4.
  • Makarau. A., Richter, R., Müller, R., and Reinartz, P., "Haze detection and removal in remotely sensed multispectral imagery", IEEE TGRS, Vol. 52, 5895-5905.
  • Richter, R., Heege, T., Kiselev, V., and Schläpfer, D, "Correction of ozone influence on TOA radiance" Int. J. Remote Sensing, Vol. 35, 8044-8056.


  • D. Schläpfer, R. Richter, and A. Damm, "Correction Of Shadowing In Imaging Spectroscopy Data By Quantification Of The Proportion Of Diffuse Illumination," presented at the 8th SIG-IS EARSeL Imaging Spectroscopy Workshop, Nantes, 2013, pp. 10.


  • Schläpfer, D., Richter, R., and Kellenberger, T. (2012). Aspects Of Atmospheric And Topographic Correction Of High Spatial Resolution Imagery (pp. 1-4). Presented at the IGARSS 2012, Munich.
  • Segl, K., Richter, R., Kuester, T., and Kaufmann, H., "End-to-end sensor simulation for spectral band selection and optimization with application to the Sentinel-2 mission", Applied Optics, Vol. 51, 439-449.


  • Richter, R., Schlaepfer, D., and Mueller, A. "Operational atmospheric correction for imaging spectrometers accounting the smile effect'", IEEE TGRS, Vol. 49, 1772-1780 (2011).
  • Richter, R., Wang, X., Bachmann, M., and Schlaepfer, D., "Correction of cirrus effects in Sentinel-2 type of imagery", Int. J. Remote Sensing, Vol.32, 2931-2941 (2011).
  • Makarau, A., Richter, Mueller, R., and Reinartz, P., "Adaptive shadow detection using a blackbody radiator model", IEEE TGRS, Vol. 49, 2049-2059 (2011).
  • Wloczyk, C., Borg, E., Richter, R., and Miegel, K., "Estimation of instantaneous air temperature above vegetation and soil surfaces from Landsat-7 ETM+ data in northern Germany", Int. J. Remote Sensing, Vol.32, 9119-9136 (2011)


  • Richter, R., Schläpfer, D., "Reply to: Error propagation in atmospheric correction due to azimuthal angle simplification of lookup tables", Int. J. Remote Sensing, Vol. 30, 283 (2009).
  • Guanter, L., Richter, R., and Kaufmann, H., "On the application of the MODTRAN4 atmospheric radiative transfer code to optical remote sensing", Int. J. Remote Sensing, Vol. 30, 1407-1427 (2009).
  • Richter, R., Kellenberger, T., and Kaufmann, H., "Comparison of topographic correction methods", Remote Sensing, Vol. 1, 184-196 (2009).
  • Dorigo, W., Richter, R., Baret, F., Bamler, R., and Wagner, W., "Enhanced automated canopy characterization from hyperspectral data by a novel two step radiative transfer model inversion approach", Remote Sensing, Vol. 1, 1139-1170 (2009).
  • Schwind, P., Schneider, M., Palubinskas, G., Storch, T., Mueller, R., and Richter, R., "Processors for ALOS optical data: deconvolution, DEM generation, orthorectification, and atmospheric correction", IEEE TGRS Vol. 47, 4074-4082 (2009).


  • Richter, R., Schläpfer, D., "Considerations on water vapor and surface reflectance retrievals for a spaceborne imaging spectrometer", IEEE Geoscience Remote Sensing, 46:1958-1966 (2008).
  • Richter, R., "Classification metrics for improved atmospheric correction of multispectral VNIR imagery", Sensors, Vol. 8, 6999-7011 (2008).
  • Brazile, J., Richter, R., Schläpfer, D., Schaepman, M. E., and Itten, K.I., "Cluster versus grid for operational generation of ATCOR's MODTRAN-based look up tables", Parallel Computing, Vol. 34, 32-46 (2008).


  • Richter, R., Bachmann, M., Dorigo, W., Mueller, A., "Influence of the adjacency effect on ground reflectance measurements", IEEE Geoscience Remote Sensing Letters, 3:565-569 (2006).
  • Richter, R., Schläpfer, D., and Mueller, A., "An automatic atmospheric correction algorithm for visible/NIR imagery", Int. J. Remote Sensing 27:2077-2085 (2006).
  • Wloczyk, C., Richter, R., Borg, E., and Neubert, W., "Sea and lake surface temperature retrieval from Landsat thermal data in northern Germany", Int. J. Remote Sensing 27:2489-2502 (2006).
  • Wloczyk, C, and Richter, R., "Estimation of incident solar radiation on the ground from multispectral satellite sensor imagery", Int. J. Remote Sensing 27:1253-1259 (2006).
  • Guanter, L., Richter, R., and Moreno, J., "Spectral calibration of hyperspectral imagery using atmospheric absorption features", Applied Optics 45:2360-2370 (2006).


  • Richter, R., and Mueller, A., "De-shadowing of satellite/airborne imagery", Int. J. Remote Sensing 26:3137-3148 (2005).
  • Mueller, A., Richter, R., Habermeyer, M., Dech, S., Segl, K., Kaufmann, H., "Spectroradiometric requirements for the reflective module of the airborne spectrometer ARES", IEEE Geoscience Remote Sensing Letters 2:329-332 (2005).


  • Richter, R., and Mueller, A., "Method for high-accuracy reflectance measurements in the 2.5 um region", Applied Optics 42:1082-1090 (2003).


  • Richter, R., Mueller, A., and Heiden, U., "Aspects of operational atmospheric correction of hyperspectral imagery", Int. J. Remote Sensing 23:145-157 (2002).
  • Schläpfer, D., and Richter, R., "Geo-atmospheric processing of airborne imaging spectrometry data. Part 1: parametric orthorectification", Int. J. Remote Sensing 23:2609-2630 (2002).
  • Richter, R., and Schläpfer, D., "Geo-atmospheric processing of airborne imaging spectrometry data. Part 2: atmospheric/topographic correction", Int. J. Remote Sensing 23:2631-2649 (2002).
  • Richter, R., and Coll, C., "Bandpass-resampling effects for the retrieval of surface emissivity", Applied Optics 41:3523-3529 (2002).

2001 and earlier

  • Boerner, A., Wiest, L., Keller, P., Reulke, R., Richter, R., Schaepman, M., and Schläpfer, D., "SENSOR: a tool for the simulation of hyperspectral remote sensing systems", ISPRS J. Photogr. Remote Sensing 55:299-312 (2001).
  • Richter, R., "Bandpass resampling effects on the retrieval of radiance and surface reflectance", Applied Optics 39:5001-5005 (2000).
  • D.Schläpfer, S. Bojinski, M. Schaepman, R. Richter, "Combination of geometric and atmospheric correction for AVIRIS data in rugged terrain", AVIRIS Workshop,Pasadena CA (2000).
  • Richter, R., and Luedeker, W., "Atmospheric water vapour derived from MOS-B land imagery", Int. J. Remote Sensing 20:1133-1140 (1999).
  • Richter, R., "Correction of satellite imagery over mountainous terrain", Applied Optics 37:4004-4015 (1998).
  • Schläpfer D., Borel C.C., Keller J., and Itten K.I., 1998: Atmospheric Pre-Corrected Differential Absorption Techniques to Retrieve Columnar Water Vapor. Remote Sensing of Environment, Elsevier, 65(3):353-366.
  • Richter, R., "Correction of atmospheric and topographic effects for high spatial resolution satellite imagery", Int. J. Remote Sensing 18:1099-1111 (1997).
  • Richter, R., "On the inflight absolute calibration of high spatial resolution spaceborne sensors using small ground targets", Int. J. Remote Sensing 18:2827-2833 (1997).
  • Richter, R., "A spatially adaptive fast atmospheric correction algorithm", Int. J. Remote Sensing 17:1201-1214 (1996).
  • Richter, R., "Atmospheric correction of satellite data with haze removal including a haze/clear transition region", Computers & Geosciences 22:675-681 (1996).
  • Richter, R., "Atmospheric correction of DAIS hyperspectral image data", Computers & Geosciences 22:785-793 (1996).
  • Richter, R., "Derivation of temperature and emittance from airborne multispectral thermal infrared scanner data", Infrared Phys. Technol. 35:817-826 (1994).
  • Richter, R., "Error bounds of a fast atmospheric correction algorithm for the Landsat thematic mapper and multispectral scanner bands", Applied Optics, 30:4412-4417 (1991).
  • Richter, R., "A fast atmospheric correction algorithm applied to Landsat TM", Int. J. Remote Sensing 11:159-166 (1990).
This page was compiled by Rudolf Richter (
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