ReSe Applications Schläpfer provides atmospheric correction software for remote sensing images.

ATCOR® Reports and Publications

Overview | Examples | Alternatives | Documentation | ATCOR-2/3 | ATCOR-4

ATCOR Documentation (User Manuals)

The following reports are available for download as PDF files:

  • R. Richter and Schläpfer, D., "Atmospheric / Topographic Correction for Satellite Imagery" (2015), DLR report DLR-IB 565-02/15, Wessling, Germany, pp 252.
  • R. Richter and Schläpfer, D., "Atmospheric / Topographic Correction for Airborne Imagery " (2015), DLR report DLR-IB 565-02/15, Wessling, Germany, pp 254.

Papers and Reports


  • A. Makarau, R. Richter, D. Schläpfer, and P. Reinartz, "Combined Haze and Cirrus Removal for Multispectral Imagery," IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol. 13, no. 3.
  • D. Schläpfer and R. Richter, "Recent Developments In ATCOR For Atmospheric Compensation And Radiometric Processing Of Imaging Spectroscopy Data," EARSeL eProceedings, 2016, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 40–48.


  • D. Schläpfer, R. Richter, and T. Feingersh, "Operational BRDF Effects Correction for Wide-Field-of-View Optical Scanners (BREFCOR)," IEEE TGARS, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 1855-1864.


  • D. Schläpfer and R. Richter, "Evaluation of Brefcor BRDF Effects Correction for Hyspex, CASI, and APEX Imaging Spectroscopy Data," IEEE WHISPERS Lausanne, 2014, pp. 4.
  • Makarau. A., Richter, R., Müller, R., and Reinartz, P., "Haze detection and removal in remotely sensed multispectral imagery", IEEE TGRS, Vol. 52, 5895-5905.
  • Richter, R., Heege, T., Kiselev, V., and Schläpfer, D, "Correction of ozone influence on TOA radiance" Int. J. Remote Sensing, Vol. 35, 8044-8056.


  • D. Schläpfer, R. Richter, and A. Damm, "Correction Of Shadowing In Imaging Spectroscopy Data By Quantification Of The Proportion Of Diffuse Illumination," presented at the 8th SIG-IS EARSeL Imaging Spectroscopy Workshop, Nantes, 2013, pp. 10.


  • Schläpfer, D., Richter, R., and Kellenberger, T. (2012). Aspects Of Atmospheric And Topographic Correction Of High Spatial Resolution Imagery (pp. 1-4). Presented at the IGARSS 2012, Munich.
  • Segl, K., Richter, R., Kuester, T., and Kaufmann, H., "End-to-end sensor simulation for spectral band selection and optimization with application to the Sentinel-2 mission", Applied Optics, Vol. 51, 439-449.


  • Richter, R., Schlaepfer, D., and Mueller, A. "Operational atmospheric correction for imaging spectrometers accounting the smile effect'", IEEE TGRS, Vol. 49, 1772-1780 (2011).
  • Richter, R., Wang, X., Bachmann, M., and Schlaepfer, D., "Correction of cirrus effects in Sentinel-2 type of imagery", Int. J. Remote Sensing, Vol.32, 2931-2941 (2011).
  • Makarau, A., Richter, Mueller, R., and Reinartz, P., "Adaptive shadow detection using a blackbody radiator model", IEEE TGRS, Vol. 49, 2049-2059 (2011).
  • Wloczyk, C., Borg, E., Richter, R., and Miegel, K., "Estimation of instantaneous air temperature above vegetation and soil surfaces from Landsat-7 ETM+ data in northern Germany", Int. J. Remote Sensing, Vol.32, 9119-9136 (2011)


  • Richter, R., Schläpfer, D., "Reply to: Error propagation in atmospheric correction due to azimuthal angle simplification of lookup tables", Int. J. Remote Sensing, Vol. 30, 283 (2009).
  • Guanter, L., Richter, R., and Kaufmann, H., "On the application of the MODTRAN4 atmospheric radiative transfer code to optical remote sensing", Int. J. Remote Sensing, Vol. 30, 1407-1427 (2009).
  • Richter, R., Kellenberger, T., and Kaufmann, H., "Comparison of topographic correction methods", Remote Sensing, Vol. 1, 184-196 (2009).
  • Dorigo, W., Richter, R., Baret, F., Bamler, R., and Wagner, W., "Enhanced automated canopy characterization from hyperspectral data by a novel two step radiative transfer model inversion approach", Remote Sensing, Vol. 1, 1139-1170 (2009).
  • Schwind, P., Schneider, M., Palubinskas, G., Storch, T., Mueller, R., and Richter, R., "Processors for ALOS optical data: deconvolution, DEM generation, orthorectification, and atmospheric correction", IEEE TGRS Vol. 47, 4074-4082 (2009).


  • Richter, R., Schläpfer, D., "Considerations on water vapor and surface reflectance retrievals for a spaceborne imaging spectrometer", IEEE Geoscience Remote Sensing, 46:1958-1966 (2008).
  • Richter, R., "Classification metrics for improved atmospheric correction of multispectral VNIR imagery", Sensors, Vol. 8, 6999-7011 (2008).
  • Brazile, J., Richter, R., Schläpfer, D., Schaepman, M. E., and Itten, K.I., "Cluster versus grid for operational generation of ATCOR's MODTRAN-based look up tables", Parallel Computing, Vol. 34, 32-46 (2008).


  • Richter, R., Bachmann, M., Dorigo, W., Mueller, A., "Influence of the adjacency effect on ground reflectance measurements", IEEE Geoscience Remote Sensing Letters, 3:565-569 (2006).
  • Richter, R., Schläpfer, D., and Mueller, A., "An automatic atmospheric correction algorithm for visible/NIR imagery", Int. J. Remote Sensing 27:2077-2085 (2006).
  • Wloczyk, C., Richter, R., Borg, E., and Neubert, W., "Sea and lake surface temperature retrieval from Landsat thermal data in northern Germany", Int. J. Remote Sensing 27:2489-2502 (2006).
  • Wloczyk, C, and Richter, R., "Estimation of incident solar radiation on the ground from multispectral satellite sensor imagery", Int. J. Remote Sensing 27:1253-1259 (2006).
  • Guanter, L., Richter, R., and Moreno, J., "Spectral calibration of hyperspectral imagery using atmospheric absorption features", Applied Optics 45:2360-2370 (2006).


  • Richter, R., and Mueller, A., "De-shadowing of satellite/airborne imagery", Int. J. Remote Sensing 26:3137-3148 (2005).
  • Mueller, A., Richter, R., Habermeyer, M., Dech, S., Segl, K., Kaufmann, H., "Spectroradiometric requirements for the reflective module of the airborne spectrometer ARES", IEEE Geoscience Remote Sensing Letters 2:329-332 (2005).


  • Richter, R., and Mueller, A., "Method for high-accuracy reflectance measurements in the 2.5 um region", Applied Optics 42:1082-1090 (2003).


  • Richter, R., Mueller, A., and Heiden, U., "Aspects of operational atmospheric correction of hyperspectral imagery", Int. J. Remote Sensing 23:145-157 (2002).
  • Schläpfer, D., and Richter, R., "Geo-atmospheric processing of airborne imaging spectrometry data. Part 1: parametric orthorectification", Int. J. Remote Sensing 23:2609-2630 (2002).
  • Richter, R., and Schläpfer, D., "Geo-atmospheric processing of airborne imaging spectrometry data. Part 2: atmospheric/topographic correction", Int. J. Remote Sensing 23:2631-2649 (2002).
  • Richter, R., and Coll, C., "Bandpass-resampling effects for the retrieval of surface emissivity", Applied Optics 41:3523-3529 (2002).

2001 and earlier

  • Boerner, A., Wiest, L., Keller, P., Reulke, R., Richter, R., Schaepman, M., and Schläpfer, D., "SENSOR: a tool for the simulation of hyperspectral remote sensing systems", ISPRS J. Photogr. Remote Sensing 55:299-312 (2001).
  • Richter, R., "Bandpass resampling effects on the retrieval of radiance and surface reflectance", Applied Optics 39:5001-5005 (2000).
  • D.Schläpfer, S. Bojinski, M. Schaepman, R. Richter, "Combination of geometric and atmospheric correction for AVIRIS data in rugged terrain", AVIRIS Workshop,Pasadena CA (2000).
  • Richter, R., and Luedeker, W., "Atmospheric water vapour derived from MOS-B land imagery", Int. J. Remote Sensing 20:1133-1140 (1999).
  • Richter, R., "Correction of satellite imagery over mountainous terrain", Applied Optics 37:4004-4015 (1998).
  • Schläpfer D., Borel C.C., Keller J., and Itten K.I., 1998: Atmospheric Pre-Corrected Differential Absorption Techniques to Retrieve Columnar Water Vapor. Remote Sensing of Environment, Elsevier, 65(3):353-366.
  • Richter, R., "Correction of atmospheric and topographic effects for high spatial resolution satellite imagery", Int. J. Remote Sensing 18:1099-1111 (1997).
  • Richter, R., "On the inflight absolute calibration of high spatial resolution spaceborne sensors using small ground targets", Int. J. Remote Sensing 18:2827-2833 (1997).
  • Richter, R., "A spatially adaptive fast atmospheric correction algorithm", Int. J. Remote Sensing 17:1201-1214 (1996).
  • Richter, R., "Atmospheric correction of satellite data with haze removal including a haze/clear transition region", Computers & Geosciences 22:675-681 (1996).
  • Richter, R., "Atmospheric correction of DAIS hyperspectral image data", Computers & Geosciences 22:785-793 (1996).
  • Richter, R., "Derivation of temperature and emittance from airborne multispectral thermal infrared scanner data", Infrared Phys. Technol. 35:817-826 (1994).
  • Richter, R., "Error bounds of a fast atmospheric correction algorithm for the Landsat thematic mapper and multispectral scanner bands", Applied Optics, 30:4412-4417 (1991).
  • Richter, R., "A fast atmospheric correction algorithm applied to Landsat TM", Int. J. Remote Sensing 11:159-166 (1990).
This page was compiled by Rudolf Richter (
Further publications related to the ReSe products can be found on